Could we be over thinking these topics and verses?
The word, “Godhead” was only mentioned three times by the apostle Paul in the Scriptures and in this study we will take a look at those three instances and learn how the apostle used the word in each case.
The first was recorded in:
1) Acts 17:29 - “Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device.”
The context that surrounds this verse was the objective of Paul to reveal the true God to the people in Athens which were wholly given up on idolatry (vs. 16-28), and he specifically contrasted their false image of the “UNKNOWN GOD” as inscribed on the altar (v23) by speaking against their ideology that God could be known through the graven works of their imagination of God.
The apostle declared to them, “…Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you” (v23). But who was this God that Paul desired to reveal to them? When he said, “HIM,” did he wish it to be understood as “EloHIM” in the plurality of divine persons that make up the Godhead? Or was “HIM” a single divine person in this context? Paul declared the “HIM” as a single person that will one day judge the world by “…that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead” (v31)
And Peter testified that God raised Jesus from the dead whom He ordained to judge the living and the dead (Acts 10:40-42). So therefore Paul in this context used the word Godhead to reveal God as the One that raised Jesus from the dead, which was specifically the Father (Galatians 1:1) and not a plurality of divine persons.
The second time Paul mentioned Godhead was in his letter to the believers in Rome.
2) Romans 1:20 - “For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse.”
From the beginning of this chapter in Romans 1 you will quickly notice that the apostle distinctly referred to the Father as “God” and to Jesus as the Son of God, therefore in context, the “HIM” again refers to the Father.
And the third time Paul mentioned Godhead was in his letter to the Colossians.
3) Colossians 2:9 - “For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.”
In this text, the “HIM” referred to Jesus (v8), and “IN HIM” dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead. According to Paul, the Godhead was the Father and His eternal power, so what was dwelling in Christ?
“To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself…” - 2 Corinthians 5:19
“For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell; And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.” - Colossians 1:19-20 (him = Christ)
Within these Scriptures, the use of the word Godhead by the apostle Paul always referred to the Father and His eternal power, which pleased Him to see it dwelling in His Son. But is the Father physically dwelling in His Son, or is it by His Spirit that He dwells in his Son?
“…for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him” - John 3:34.
And since it was given to Jesus not by measure, then it must be in its fullness.
In conclusion, the usage of the word Godhead by Paul never alluded to a plurality of persons that make up one God, but always to a single divine Person, namely the Father. And this was his belief and the belief of the other disciples.
Paul said, “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.” - 1 Corinthians 8:6
So at this point you can see what is missing from the only three verses in the Bible with the word Godhead. And that is the defining of persons. Also not found is the mention of a membership or group of three. The Holy Spirit is missing. Why? Let the scriptures speak to you without any preconceived notions. Let the scriptures speak to you and not what you have been told to regurgitate.
One thing is certain, the word Godhead it has nothing to do with a trinity or trinity explanation, or a three being / person doctrine of any kind.
Colossians 2:8 - "Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.”